A basic course in the Malaysian and Indonesian languages in 64 lessons  ©pgoh13
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Lesson 3   Ini......(This is.....)

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A second reading (by Michelle Nor Ismat, a native speaker)

Ini kereta saya.
Ini bapa saya.
Ini emak saya.
Ini isteri saya.
Ini anak saya.
Ini kawan saya.
This is my car.
This is my father.
This is my mother.
This is my wife.
This is my child.
This is my friend.
Ini... = This is ...
kereta = car
kereta saya = my car
bapa = father
emak = mother
isteri = wife
anak = child

For those who want to know more:

You might have noticed that unlike English and French, where the possessive pronoun precedes the noun, in Malay it is the other way round i.e. the noun comes first followed by the possessive pronoun. Thus "my car" becomes kereta saya (car my) and "your friend" becomes kawan anda (friend your).
1. Ini is used for something within reach or when you are introducing someone. When an object is not within reach we use Itu eg. Itu rumah saya. = That is my house.
2. Another word for "father" in Malay is ayah .
3. Another word for "mother" is ibu. .
4. Another word for "wife" is bini .
5. From anak (child) we have anak lelaki (son) and anak perempuan (daughter).
As you can guess from the above lelaki by itself means "male" while perempuan by itself means "female".
Thus anak lelaki literally means "male child" while anak perempuan means "female child" (the order is reversed, remember?)

This is my car. Ini mobil saya. Ini kereta saya.
This is my wife. Ini istri saya. Ini isteri saya.

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