A basic course in the Malaysian and Indonesian languages in 64 lessons  ©pgoh13
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Lesson 25 Mengapa? (Why?)


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A second reading (by Muhammad Nor Ismat, a native speaker)

Mengapa tidak datang?
Kerana sakit.
Mengapa datang lambat?
Kerana hujan.
Mengapa sedih?
Kerana sudah hilang pasport saya.
Why didn't you come?
Because I was sick.
Why did you come late?
Because it rained.
Why are you sad?
Because I have lost my passport.
Vocabulary
sakit = sick
lambat = late
hujan = rain
sedih = sad
hilang = to lose


You would have noticed that the short answers in Malay do not require the pronoun as it is understood.
While in English the short answers would be: Because I was sick, Because it rained, Because I have lost my passport  in Malay you need only say: Because sick, Because rain, Because lost my passport.
Putting the above answers in a full sentence would produce the following:
Saya tidak datang kerana sakit.
Saya datang lambat kerana hujan.
Saya sedih kerana sudah hilang pasport saya.

Another word that is used as much as kerana is sebab.
Thus to the question Mengapa datang lambat? the answer could just as well be Sebab hujan.
Okay, if mengapa means "why", what does tidak mengapa mean? It is just an expression that means "It doesn't matter", "It's all right" or "Forget about it". It's the same as tidak apa.




ENGLISH INDONESIAN MALAY
passport paspor pasport
because karena kerana

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